Approximately three-quarters of the Kenyan population is at risk for malaria. All four species of the malaria parasite that infect humans occur in Kenya. Plasmodium falciparum, which causes the most severe form of the disease, is the most common species and accounts for nearly all malaria infections in the country. The Kenyan government places a high priority on malaria control and tailors its malaria control efforts according to malaria risk to achieve maximum impact. Recent household surveys show improvements in coverage with malaria prevention and treatment measures and reductions in malaria parasitemia and illness.
The PMI VectorLink Project in Kenya will work to: achieve spray coverage of at least 85% of the estimated 488,323 targeted structures, aiming to protect 2,072,648 people in two counties: (Homa Bay and Migori); ensure compliance with environmental regulations and established best practices for IRS insecticide handling and usage; establish effective monitoring and evaluation of all activities in order to measure the effect(s) of IRS; and conduct monthly entomological surveillance to inform vector control decision making.