Malaria remains a public health problem in Cameroon. According to the 2017 report of the National Malaria Control Program (NMCP), malaria was responsible for 24% of the causes of consultations in health facilities and 3, 915 deaths. Children under five and pregnant women pay the highest price. In 2017, hospital morbidity was 30.6% among under-five and 21.3% among pregnant women. Given the scale of the problem, the Ministry of Public Health and its partners are implementing high-impact interventions to reduce malaria morbidity and mortality. These include:
- Free distribution of LLINs during mass campaigns, consultations to pregnant women during ANC visits and during immunizations to children under one year;
- Seasonal chemo-prophylaxis of malaria in children aged three to 59 months, and;
- Free treatment of uncomplicated and severe malaria in children under five years old.
According to the 2017 World Health Organization (WHO) World Malaria Report, malaria incidence in Cameroon ranged from less than one per 1,000 to more than 300 per 1,000 in the general population across the geographic regions.
PMI VectorLink provides entomological monitoring and technical support to the NMCP, including annual insecticide resistance monitoring and bimonthly vector bionomics in five sites (Gounougou, Simatou, Mangoum, Nyabessang, and Bonabéri) to generate critical data for vector control decision-making. The project also provides technical support around LLIN continuous routine distribution to enhance integrated vector control programming in Cameroon.
 World malaria report 2017. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2017.