While all 22 million residents of Cameroon are at-risk for malaria, children and pregnant women are particularly vulnerable. The most recent nationwide household survey found that more than one-third of all children under the age of five are infected with malaria parasites. The malaria burden is heaviest in the Far North and North regions, which have a disproportionately higher number of malaria cases and deaths as compared with other regions.

The PMI VectorLink Project will be conducting entomological monitoring to determine mosquito species distribution, composition, and behavior to strengthen support for the malaria vector control decision making process.