Of the estimated 20 million people who live in Niger, 94 percent are considered at risk for malaria infection. Malaria transmission is concentrated in the southern part of the country and occurs primarily during the rainy season, which runs from May to September. Although child and maternal deaths are declining, malaria remains the first cause of illness and death among these two vulnerable population groups. Pregnant women are four times more likely to suffer from the complications of malaria than non-pregnant women, and more than half (56 percent) of all deaths in health facilities are attributed to malaria.

The PMI VectorLink Project will begin its activities in Niger in year two of the project.