IRS is one of the key malaria control strategies of the Ministry of Health (MOH)’s Zambian National Malaria Elimination Program (NMEP), which provides technical guidance, leadership, and coordination of malaria control and prevention activities in Zambia.
In 2017, the government officially launched the National Malaria Elimination Strategic Plan (NMESP) 2017-2021, which aims to graduate Zambia from striving for malaria control to malaria elimination. In line with the guidelines included in the NMESP, the approach changed from the historic targeting of 50-60% of structures per district in 2017 to target 80% of the population per district across the country.
In PMI VectorLink’s second year of implementation, the project will conduct IRS in all nine districts of Zambia’s Eastern Province, including six new districts previously supported by PMI from 2014 -2017; three rural districts in Copperbelt in Copperbelt (Lufwanyama, Masaiti, and Mpongwe); and the rural and peri-urban communities of the seven urbanized districts of the Copperbelt (Chingola, Chilabombwe, Kitwe, Kalulushi, Luanshya, Ndola, and Mufulira).
The total number of target structures for 2019 is 617,000—Nchelenge (38,000), Copperbelt Province (153,016), six new districts of Eastern Province (308,540), and three pre-elimination districts of Eastern (117,444).
Insecticide-Treated Net (ITN) Activities
PMI VectorLink integrated data analytics and visualization technical area will continue to review data to support vector control decision-making. New datasets to be added include ITN data from DHIS2, mSpray structure enumeration, and vector distribution from the Malaria Atlas Project. The project will revise the prototype vector control data dashboards which were developed in 2018 based on stakeholder feedback. The team will create views to examine routine ITN distribution and HMIS case data quality